Sunday, August 21, 2016

Bulletin 272 - Ecuador 2016 #6 - Water Birds and Night Birds

These are the places visited. At the end of each bird description, I will give the 2 letter code where the photo was taken.

Shiripuno Lodge in Amazon  (SH)
Archidona a town on the east slope  (AR)
San Isidro Lodge at a higher elevation on east slope (SI)
Guango Lodge even higher on east slope (GU)
Antisana reserve on the paramo    (AN)
Mindo area on west slope has several close reserves that we visited (MI)

These birds are associated with water - lakes, rivers etc or are nocturnal.

This is the first trip where I saw several ducks. The 16" Torrent Duck (Merganetta armata) is a resident of swift flowing rivers in the mountains. They stand on rocks in the river and dip their head under the water to look for fish. When one is sighted, they dive in to pursue it. How they survive being bashed around in the rapids is a miracle. The male is mostly white with a brown back and a red bill.  SI


Torrent Duck - male
The female is all brown.   SI


Torrent Duck - female
The lakes on the paramo (tundra) host some resident ducks. The 16" Andean Teal (Anas andium) is a plain brown duck. We found a family group.  AN


Andean Teal - family
The 16" male Andean Duck (Oxyura ferruginea) is almost identical to our Ruddy Duck, but the breeding male has an all black head and lacks the white patch below the eye.   AN


Andean Duck
As one would expect, there is also a coot there, the Andean Coot (Fulica ardesiaca) is identical to the American Coot. However, it is the only coot in Ecuador, so the ID is easy.  AN


Andean Coot
The 12" Silvery Grebe (Podiceps occipitalis) is a rare resident of highland lakes. It is gray and white and has a red eye.  AN


Silvery Grebe
Dippers are are the only aquatic songbirds. Watching the tiny 6" White-capped Dipper (Cinclus leucocephalus) buffeted by waves and spray as they pick food washed onto the rocks is an amazing experience. The sexes are similar and the ID is easy as no other small bird is in that habitat standing on the rocks in a swift flowing stream.   GU


White-capped Dipper
The last water associated bird is the strange huge (25") Hoatzin (Opissthocomus hoazin). This spiky crested prehistoric looking bird lives along slow moving oxbow streams in the Amazon. The sexes are similar and it is the only member of the hoatzin family.   SH


Hoatzin
We only saw 4 nocturnal birds for the trip. The only owl was the mystery San Isidro Owl. It is a mystery bird as it is identical with the Black-and-white Owl of the western slope, but this bird is at San Isidro Lodge on the east slope where it is not supposed to be. The similar bird on the east slope is the Black-banded Owl which is more black than white on the underparts. Here is a discussion of the bird. Perhaps time will tell if it is a new species.  SI


San Isidro Owl
The next 2 were real treats as the guide knew where they were roosting or nesting so they could be seen in the daylight. This 8" Blackish Nightjar (Nyctipolus nigrescens) has been roosting during the day at this same location for 2 years! He sits on a rock just 20 feet from a fairly busy highway.  AR


Blackish Nightjar
The other is the Lyre-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis lyra). This is another rare find as the range map shows only 6 dots on the map of Ecuador. The female is 10" long, but the male has 25" long tail feathers. This female is actually on her nest. The two babies were not visible when I was there. The rufous collar is the ID mark for this bird.  MI


Lyre-tailed Nightjar - female on nest
The last night bird is the 21" Great Potoo (Nyctibius grandis). Potoos are a 7 species family of nightjar like birds. They roost during the day in trees such that they resemble a broken limb and become nearly invisible. This whitish bird is only the second potoo I have photographed. With his large head, he almost looks like an owl.  SH


Great Potoo


Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

dkmmdpa@gmail.com

photos copyright 2006 - 2016 David McDonald

To have these trip reports sent to your email, please email me at the above address and ask to subscribe.

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Bulletin 271 - Ecuador 2016 #5 - Hummingbirds

These are the places visited. At the end of each bird description, I will give the 2 letter code where the photo was taken.

Shiripuno Lodge in Amazon  (SH)
Archidona a town on the east slope  (AR)
San Isidro Lodge at a higher elevation on east slope (SI)
Antisana reserve on the paramo    (AN)
Yanacocha reserve   (YA)
Mindo area on west slope has several close reserves that we visited (MI)

Hummingbirds are one of my favorites and are the most amazing birds with their ability to hover and fly backwards and upside down. I photographed about 2 dozen new species on the trip. The rarest of the hummers on the trip was the 7.5" male Fiery Topaz (Topaza pyra). The range map just shows a few dots in the Amazon region where one might find it. However, at Shiripuno lodge, a pair roosts on a branch over the water at night and you can go about 100 yards from the lodge by boat and just wait until they fly in at 5:30. Amazing. The unique tail with crisscrossed extended feather is the ID mark.  SH


Fiery Topaz - male
Several others had interesting tails as well. The 9" male Black-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia victoriae) is green with 2 long tail feathers.   AN


Black-tailed Trainbearer - male

The 7" male Long-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus kingii) is green with 2 long shimmering blue tail feathers.  SI


Long-tailed Sylph - male
His cousin, the 7" male Violet-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus coelestis) has a purple tail.  MI


Violet-tailed Sylph - male
The cute 4.5" male Booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii) looks like he has white fur boots on along with the racket tail.   MI


Booted Racket-tail - male
Pufflegs are hummers that have boots like the racket-tail above. The 4.5"  Sapphire-vented Puffleg (Eriocnemis luciani) is green with blue under the tail and white leg puffs.   YA


Sapphire-vented Puffleg
The 4.5" Golden-breasted Puffleg (Eriocnemis mosquera) has gold breast, green body and white leg puffs.   YA


Golden-breasted Puffleg
I like the name of this next one. The 4.5" Shining Sunbeam (Aglaeactis cupripennis) is a rich coppery brown.    YA


Shining Sunbeam
The 4.75" Sparkling Violetear (Colibri coruscans) is green with a blue belly and violet on the sides of the face.     AN


Sparkling Violetear
The 4.5" White-tailed Hillstar (Urochroa bouqueri) is green with a blue throat, bronze rump and white tail underneath.   AR


White-tailed Hillstar
I have updated my hummingbird family photo and now have 111 species of the 348. You can browse them all at this link.

Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

dkmmdpa@gmail.com

photos copyright 2006 - 2016 David McDonald

To have these trip reports sent to your email, please email me at the above address and ask to subscribe.

Saturday, August 6, 2016

Bulletin 270 Ecuador 2016 #4 - Birds and Mammals of the Paramo

These are the places visited. At the end of each bird description, I will give the 2 letter code where the photo was taken. All these birds were from either of these locations.

Guango Lodge even higher on east slope (GU)
Antisana reserve on the paramo    (AN)

The paramo is the term for the tundra above the tree line in the Ecuador Andes. The first location was a short drive from Guango Lodge where it is possible to drive up high enough to see one of Ecuador's target birds. There are some radio antennae on a mountain top and the access road is the only way to somewhat easily find this bird. The guide book says it is a bird of barren slopes at very high elevations on the highest volcanoes. We were at 14,500 elevation. The guide went ahead and searched on the tundra and found a pair and came back to get me. We had to walk about 300 yards up and down muddy hills and I did get the bird. There were a pair of these 12"  grouse like birds called Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe (Attagis gayi) Despite their grouse like appearance, the 4 species of seedsnipes make up a family of shorebirds. All are found in South America. They are brick red below with an elaborate scalloped pattern on the back and wings. This is without question the most difficult bird I have ever photographed due to the elevation, cold and wind. Two other cars were up there while we were there, but the birds were a long way from the parking area and the people didn't see them. At the lodge in Mindo, there was a couple from Great Britain and they had looked for the bird on 4 different trips to Ecuador and still had not found it. Thanks Pablo!  GU


Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe
We saw another bird at that location, but it is more common and was close to the parking lot. The 11.5" Andean Snipe (Gallinago jamesoni) is a sandpiper with a long bill for probing in the muddy wet tundra.   GU


Andean Snipe
Antisana Preserve is the place to see Ecuador's national bird, the 50" Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). It is the largest bird of prey in the world and has the largest wingspan 10.5 feet of any land bird. Of course, as a vulture, it just eats carrion and doesn't kill any thing. However, it is persecuted through ignorance and is declining rapidly, but captive breeding programs are reintroducing this magnificent bird just like the California Condor recovery efforts. On the drive into the preserve, there is an observation deck where roosting birds can be seen on a cliff about 75 yards away. We watched about 6 birds perched and taking off in the morning as the thermals started up. I got some distant photos and figured this was about as good as I would manage. That bird in the center is an adult condor with the extensive white on his wings.


Andean Condor - adult
Once higher up at about 15,000 feet on the paramo, there was a condor sitting on a cow carcass about 75 yards away. Pablo, my guide, asked if I wanted to try and walk closer. Of course!.So we made our way across the wet tundra to about 30 yards from the bird. Here he is on the carcass. You can see a tag on his wing #6. Also look at his immense size compared to the 20" brown caracara on the ground.


Andean Condor - juvenile male
As we approached closer, he flew off, but we were upwind as he has to take off into the wind, so he came towards us. Even with the wind, he hopped on the ground twice before getting fully airborne. One can see the white ruff on the neck that is only in males. He was essentially at eye level here. What an amazing bird!


Andean Condor - juvenile male
The caracara above is the Carunculated Caracara (Phalcoboenus carunculatus). It is a bird of the paramo as well. The juvie is brown, but the adult is black and white with an orange face.  AN


Carunculated Caracara
Another extremely rare bird here is the 30" Black-faced Ibis (Theristicus melanopis). In fact it is found at only 2 locations in Ecuador. It is a beautiful ibis with a buffy head and a black mask. We saw a flock of 6 birds.  I again had to walk across the flat tundra to get this shot. Even though it was higher at 15,000 feet, it was a warm sunny day and didn't seem as difficult as going for the seedsnipe.  AN


Black-faced Ibis

Of course, there were some small birds on the paramo as well and 2 of the more interesting were funarids or ovenbirds. The 8" Stout-billed Cinclodes (Cinclodes excelsior) is brown with a white eye-stripe, white throat and thick curved bill.   AN


Stout-billed Cinclodes
The 6.5" Many-striped Canastero (Asthenes flammulata) popped up from some shrubs when the tape was played. I found him to be an attractive funarid with his rufous cap, wings and the body completely streaked. Of course sitting on some flowers was great too.  AN


Many-striped Canastero

While walking out to see the condor on the carcass, several White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), the same species as in North America. They must have migrated south once Panama connected North and South America.  AN


White-tailed Deer
This last is the absolute star of the whole trip. There is a single species of bear in South America which is mostly confined to the treeline and tundra areas of the Andes. The Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is still hunted and considered to be vulnerable. On the drive up to the paramo to see the seedsnipe, we kept passing signs saying Caution Bear Crossing. I just had a feeling we would see one. Well we rounded a curve and a van was pulled over and everyone was out with cameras and scopes. The people in the van had walked a trail over the tundra for 4 hours looking for the bear and seen nothing. but when they got back to their vehicle, he was there.The bear was in a valley below the road about 50 yards away. Pablo said later he sees it only about once each year! And we just drove up and there he was. He was walking away, but turned slightly here to see the side of his face and ear.


Spectacled Bear
Later he turned back and faced us. the light markings on his face can be seen.


Spectacled Bear
So the whole thing was a fluke and serendipity, as we got to Guango Lodge earlier in the day than expected, so Pablo said why not try for the seedsnipe this afternoon instead of tomorrow as planned. So we drove up and found the bear and the seedsnipe. I have the most amazing luck birding!

Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

dkmmdpa@gmail.com

photos copyright 2006 - 2016 David McDonald

To have these trip reports sent to your email, please email me at the above address and ask to subscribe.

Sunday, July 31, 2016

Bulletin 269 - Ecuador 2016 #3 - Tanagers, cardinals and warblers

I have been asked to provide the location where the birds were found. I will try to provide proximity information, at least to the lodge where we stayed, when we saw the bird.

Shiripuno Lodge in Amazon  (SH)
Archidona a town on the east slope  (AR)
San Isidro Lodge at a higher elevation on east slope (SI)
Guango Lodge even higher on east slope (GU)
Puembo - a suburb of Quito at a B&B for birders (PU)
Antisana reserve on the paramo    (AN)
Yanacocha reserve   (YA)
Mindo area on west slope has several close reserves that we visited (MI)

At the end of each bird description, I will give the 2 letter code where the photo was taken.

We saw the beautiful tangara tanagers in Bulletin 267. Here are some other colorful tanagers. The 7" Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus igniventris) is mostly black and red with a blue wing patch and rump.  YA


Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager
The 7" Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus somptuosus) is black and yellow with blue wings and tail.    MI


Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager
The dacnis genus are a group of small tanagers. The 4.5" male Yellow-tufted Dacnis (Dacnis egregia) is black and turquoise with a yellow eye and yellow wing patch.   MI

Yellow-tufted Dacnis - male
A similar bird is the male 4.5" Black-faced Dacnis (Dacnis lineata) It is black and blue with a yellow eye.    SH

Black-faced Dacnis - male
The largest tanager I have encountered is the spectacular 9" White-capped Tanager (Sericossypha albocristata). This was perhaps the most exciting bird for my guide on the trip as this scarce bird was found only 30 feet off the road and stayed in the open for several minutes. It is black with a snow white cap. The male has a red throat and it is duller in the female. A short time later we saw a flock of 1/2 dozen birds at a distance.     SI

White-capped Tanager - female
The 7" male Red-hooded Tanager (Piranga rubriceps) is now in the cardinal family. It is yellow with dark wings and a red head and breast. The female has less red on the breast.  GU

Red-hooded Tanager - male

Another cardinal family member is the 8" Golden Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysogaster). The female shown here is yellow with black wings and dusky cheeks, head and back. The male would be bright yellow and lacks the dusky markings.    YA

Golden Grosbeak - female
I photographed 1 new warbler species on the trip, the 5" Three-striped Warbler (Basileuterus tristriatus). It is olive above, yellow below and a black and white striped face.   SI

Three-striped Warbler
The last bird is the 5" Spectacled Redstart (Myioborus melanocephalus). It is a an easy ID with charcoal upper, bright yellow below and yellow spectacles. Note also the red cap.  GU

Spectacled Redstart
You can see more of these families of birds, as I have updated the families with the new photos.

I have photos of 80 of the 370 tanagers here.

29 of the 65 cardinal species can be viewed here.

And 69 of the 120 New World warblers can be seem here.

Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

dkmmdpa@gmail.com

photos copyright 2006 - 2016 David McDonald

To have these trip reports sent to your email, please email me at the above address and ask to subscribe.


Sunday, July 17, 2016

Bulletin 268 - Ecuador 2106 #2 - Barbets and Toucans

I have been asked to provide the location where the birds were found. I will try to provide proximity information, at least to the lodge where we stayed, when we saw the bird.

Shiripuno Lodge in Amazon  (SH)
Archidona a town on the east slope  (AR)
San Isidro Lodge at a higher elevation on east slope (SI)
Guango Lodge even higher on east slope (GU)
Puembo - a suburb of Quito at a B&B for birders (PU)
Antisana reserve on the paramo    (AN)
Yanacocha reserve   (YA)
Mindo area on west slope has several close reserves that we visited (MI)

At the end of each bird description, I will give the 2 letter code where the photo was taken.

There are 15 species of New World barbets. They are small colorful fruit eating birds with heavy bills. They are closely related to the toucans. The 6" male Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii) has a bright red head, green back, yellow belly and a yellow bill. I had photographed him before, but this was a better photo.    MI


Red-headed Barbet - male
The 7" male Scarlet-crowned Barbet (Capito aurovirens) has a red cap, orange breast and brown back.  AR


Scarlet-crowned Barbet - male
There is an even smaller family of just 2 species called the Toucan Barbets. I had photographed one in Costa Rica at Easter, the Prong-billed Barbet. The other is found in Columbia and Ecuador. The  9" Toucan Barbet (Semnornis ramphastinus) is an amazing multicolored bird with a very heavy bill. The sexes are similar, but the female is duller.  MI


Toucan Barbet
And another photo of this amazing bird.


Toucan Barbet
Even larger birds are the well known toucans. We found and photographed 8 species, 7 of which were new species to photo and most of these were life birds. The smallest of the toucans are the toucanets. The 13" White-throated Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus albivitta) has a green body, white throat, and brown bill with yellow along the top.   SI 


White-throated Toucanet
The 14" Crimson-rumped Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus haematopygus) is also green but has a red rump, and some turquoise on the chest and a brown bill. Notice this bird has his bill broken.   MI


Crimson-rumped Toucanet
Aracaris are mid-sized toucans with thinner pointed bills. They tend to have black back, with yellow underparts with some horizontal stripes. The 14" Ivory-billed Aaracari (Pteroglossus azara) has a wide red and black stripes above the yellow. The bill is almost all white.   SH


Ivory-billed Aracari
The 17" Many-banded Aracari (Pteroglossus pluricinctus) has a narrow black and red stripes and a brown and yellow bill.    SH


Many-banded Aracari
The 16" Pale-mandibled Aracari (Pteroglossus erythropygius) has a mostly yellow bill and just a single black stripe on his belly.    MI


Pale-mandibled Aracari
The toucans are mostly black with a colored throat and wide colorful bill. The 18" Choco Toucan (Ramphastos brevis) has a 2 tone bill and yellow throat. has has green skin around the eye.   MI


Choco Toucan
The huge 22" White-throated Toucan (Ramphastos tucanus) has a white throat, brown mandible with yellow and blue at the base and blue skin around the eye.     SH


White-throated Toucan
Another interesting group of toucans are the 4 mountain toucans. They have brown backs and pale blue underparts. I saw my first one ever on this trip, the 17" Plate-billed Mountain Toucan (Andigena laminorostris).    MI


Plate-billed Mountain Toucan
Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

dkmmdpa@gmail.com

photos copyright 2006 - 2016 David McDonald

To have these trip reports sent to your email, please email me at the above address and ask to subscribe.