Sunday, November 1, 2015

Bulletin 240 - Ecuador #4 - Flycatchers

The tyrannidae family of birds known as tyrant flycatchers is the largest family of birds with about 430 species. All are in the New World. English names for that many species becomes a problem. There are phoebes, pewees, flycatchers, tyrants, and kingbirds. Because some of these are the smallest birds besides the hummingbirds, some are named for their small size. We have tody-flycatchers, tody-tyrants, tyrannulets, pygmy-tyrants, micro-tyrants, and nano-tyrants (just kidding on the last 2). 

Any visit to tropical America will produce a dozen or more species of flycatchers. Many of them are rather drab, so I will just show some of the more unusual or colorful of them. The sexes are similar in most species.

The 5" Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus) is the sole member of that genus. It has bright cinnamon underparts and wing patches.

Cinnamon Flycatcher 
The 4" Sooty-headed Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias griseiceps) has a gray head and bright yellow underparts. There are no wing bars.

Sooty-headed Tyrannulet
The 7" Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) also occurs in the western USA. It is typical of the genus with gray head and throat, brown back and yellow belly. This bird appears to have had some tail feathers chewed off.

Dusky-capped Flycatcher
The 5" Ornate Flycatcher (Myiotriccus ornatus) is another monotypic genus. As its name suggests, it should be attractive.  The gray head with white spot in front of the eye is distinctive.

Ornate Flycatcher
The 9" Long-tailed Tyrant (Colonia colonus) is black with a white crown and a couple of extended tail feathers. It is another monotypic genus.

Long-tailed Tyrant
The 4.75" Olive-chested Flycatcher (Myiophobus cryptoxanthus) is a rather dull flycatcher with wing bars. It had streaked brownish olive breast.

Olive-chested Flycatcher
There is a small group of 7 flycatchers called attilas (maybe for Attila the Hun?). The 8" Ochraceous Attila (Attila torridus) is bright rufous with black on the wings. It is listed as uncommon and the guide was excited that we found it.

Add caption

The 4" Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus) was a difficult bird to photograph. It kept moving around to the tape, but always landed behind leaves or branches, so that I never got a photo. Finally, when we were looking at another bird, one flew in and perched right in front on the camera. It is a cute little guy with an yellow-olive back, streaked white underparts, orange crest and white eye.

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant
Bird Families...I have grouped my photos online by country and/or trip report. I now have a substantial number of photos of birds in several of the families and I know sometimes you would just like to see more of them in 1 place.

Click the link to take you to the gallery. Then you can hit ALL to see all the species or just click on the top left photo to  see the first photo and then click NEXT on the top or bottom right to scroll through.

Also, there is a SLIDE SHOW option that you can use that will scroll through all the photos automatically. This option is at the top right. You can select the interval of 1,3,5 or 10 seconds that each photo will be displayed, after you begin the slide show.

I have also put the scientific name and range of the bird below each photo. I will use the most colorful photo I have ...usually a male, but if I don't have that, then a female or juvenile.

Hummingbirds 72 species

Sandpipers 36 species

Plovers 10 species

New World Parrots 28 species

Woodpeckers 35 species

Tyrant Flycatchers 75 species

Thrushes 25 species

Tanagers 49 species

Cardinals 23 species

New World Warblers 64 species

Happy birding and photography,

David McDonald

photos copyright 2006 - 2015 David McDonald

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